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Regulatory Information

South American Food Contact Regulations

Mercosur Countries

The member states of Mercosur (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Venezuela) have adopted a framework resolution on food-contact materials modeled on a combination of US and EU regulations, with the structure more closely resembling the EU regulations. Notable portions of the US regulations that have been adopted are purity specifications for raw materials and a 0.5 g/kg threshold of regulation. Unlike the EU regulation, which supersedes national legislation, the Mercosur framework resolution must be adopted by the individual member states. As of October 2014, Argentina and Brazil are the only member states that have adopted their own regulations. As with the EU, the regulations cover plastic materials; however they are used as guidance for evaluating the suitability of coatings in food-contact applications.


The regulations governing food-contact materials are contained in the Argentine Food Code. The Mercosur Framework Resolution has been transposed into Chapter IV. Imported food-contact materials require pre-market approval from the National Food Institute (INAL). US FDA and EU Food Contact Material approvals will facilitate clearance; however compliance with the Argentine Food Code is still required.


The Sanitary Authority of Brazil (ANVISA) has jurisdiction over food contact materials. While ANVISA has adopted the Framework Resolution, the requirement for pre-market approvals has not been adopted. Brazil has also adopted additional ministerial decrees and ANVISA regulations that may contain additional requirements. In addition ANVISA, So Paolo State and So Paolo City also conduct sanitary evaluations.


As of October 2014, Chile is developing standards and regulations for the migration of substances from plastics into food. They are coordinating their work with authorities in Mercosur.

Andean Community of Nations (CAN)

As of October 2014, the CAN Member States (Bolivia, Columbia, Ecuador, and Per) are in the process of developing a framework resolution on food-contact materials. They are modeling their regulations on those adopted in the EU and Mercosur.


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