What is a fluoropolymer?

A fluoropolymer is a polymer that contains molecules of carbon and fluorine. They are high-performance plastic materials used in harsh chemical and high-temperature environments, primarily where a critical performance specification must be met. They are used by defense-related industries and in automotive, aerospace, electronics and telecommunications. They are also used in many consumer products. For nonstick coatings used on cookware and small appliances, it is the fluoropolymer that makes the nonstick coating "nonstick".

Fluoropolymers were discovered in 1938 by Dr. Roy J. Plunkett while working on FreonŽ (for the DuPont Corporation). He accidentally polymerized tetrafluoroethylene and the result was PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene, commonly known by its DuPont brand name "TeflonŽ"). PTFE turned out to have the lowest coefficient of friction of any known solid material. It also has a very low "surface energy" (which is what gives cookware coatings the nonstick feature), and possesses the quality of being inert to virtually all chemicals.

Examples of fluoropolymers:

PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) PFA (perfluoroalkoxy) FEP (fluorinated ethylene-propylene)
 
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What is a fluoropolymer?

A fluoropolymer is a polymer that contains molecules of carbon and fluorine. They are high-performance plastic materials used in harsh chemical and high-temperature environments, primarily where a critical performance specification must be met. They are used by defense-related industries and in automotive, aerospace, electronics and telecommunications. They are also used in many consumer products. For nonstick coatings used on cookware and small appliances, it is the fluoropolymer that makes the nonstick coating "nonstick".

Fluoropolymers were discovered in 1938 by Dr. Roy J. Plunkett while working on FreonŽ (for the DuPont Corporation). He accidentally polymerized tetrafluoroethylene and the result was PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene, commonly known by its DuPont brand name "TeflonŽ"). PTFE turned out to have the lowest coefficient of friction of any known solid material. It also has a very low "surface energy" (which is what gives cookware coatings the nonstick feature), and possesses the quality of being inert to virtually all chemicals.

Examples of fluoropolymers:

  • PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene)
  • PFA (perfluoroalkoxy)
  • FEP (fluorinated ethylene-propylene)


 

 
 
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